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1865 in History

January 13 The Second Battle of Fort Fisher begins between the United States and the Confederates in North Carolina. (American Civil War)
January 15 United States forces capture Fort Fisher. (American Civil War)
February 22 Tennessee adopts a new constitution that abolishes slavery.
March 4 Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated for his second term as President of the Unites States. (16th)
March 13 The Confederate states of America agrees upon the use of African Americans in their military forces. (American Civil War)
March 18 The Congress of the Confederate States of America adjourns for the last time. (American Civil War)
March 19 The Battle of Bentonville at Four Oaks, North Carolina. (American Civil War)
April 9 Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant Appromattox Court House, Virginia. This marks the end of the American Civil War.
April 14 American president Abraham Lincoln is shot at Ford's Theatre in Washington D. C. by John Wilkes Booth.
April 15 Abraham Lincoln dies of his injuries and is succeeded by Andrew Johnson who becomes the 17th President of the United States.
April 26 The assassin John Wilkes Booth is shot dead in a barn by the Union Army soldier Boston Corbett.
April 27 The steamboat SS Sultana explodes and sinks in the Mississippi river. 1,700 of the 2300 passengers on board are killed.
May 10 Jefferson Davis, the President of the Confederate States of America is captured by Union troops near Irwinville, Georgia. (American Civil War)
May 17 International Telegraph union is founded.
May 23 Union troops parade down Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, DC to celebrate the end of the American Civil War.
June 2 The last Confederate forces surrender at Galveston, Texas. (American Civil War)
July 4 Lewis Carroll publishes Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
July 5 The U. S. Secret Service is commisioned in Washington D. C.
July 21 Wild Bill Hickock shoots Dave Tutt dead in Springfield, Missouri. This is often regarded as the first true Western showdown.
July 30 The steamer Brother Jonathan crashes on an uncharted rock and sinks of the coast of Crescent City, California. 225 of 244 passengers are killed.
August 16 The Dominican Republic regain independence from Spain.
August 25 The martian meteorite, "The Shergotty Meteorite" falls to Earth at Shergotty, India.
October 11 The Morant Bay Rebellion takes place in Jamaica and is lead by Paul Bogle.
November 10 Major Henry Wirz, the superintendent of a prison camp in Andersonville, Georgia, is hanged, becoming the only American Civil War soldier to be executed for war crimes.
December 10 Léopold II becomes King of the Belgians.
December 18 The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution (which completely and permanently abolishes slavery) is declared ratified by 3/4 of the states of the United States.

Births in 1865 Deaths in 1865
Logan Pearsall Smith October 18
Abraham Lincoln April 15

Quotes in 1865

Abraham Lincoln
I have always found that mercy bears richer fruits than strict justice.

Abraham Lincoln (Speech made in Washington D.C., 1865)

Whenever I hear anyone arguing for slavery, I feel a strong impulse to see it tried on him personally.

Abraham Lincoln (Statement made in Washington, 1865)

With malice toward none, with charity for all; let us strive on to finish the work we are in, …to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.

Abraham Lincoln (Second Inaugural Adress, 1865)

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Benjamin Disraeli
Time is precious, but truth is more precious than time.

Benjamin Disraeli (Speech in Aylesbury, 1865)

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Charles Dickens
Have a heart that never hardens, and a temper that never tires, and a touch that never hurts.

Charles Dickens (Our Mutual Friend, 1864-1865)

No one is useless in this world who lightens the burdens of another.

Charles Dickens (Our Mutual Friend, 1864-1865)

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Henri Frédéric Amiel
Health is the first of all liberties, and happiness gives us the energy which is the basis of health. 

Henri-Frédéric Amiel (The Journal Intime, 1865)

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Lewis Carroll
Who in the world am I? Ah, that's the great puzzle.

Lewis Carroll (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland - Chapter 2: The Pool of Tears, 1865)

Contrariwise, if it was so, it might be; and if it were so, it would be; but as it isn't, it ain't. That's logic.

Lewis Carroll (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland - Chapter 4, 1865)

I can't explain myself, I'm afraid, because I'm not myself, you see.

Lewis Carroll (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland - Chapter 5, 1865)

Oh, 'tis love, 'tis love that makes the world go round.

Lewis Carroll(Alice's Adventures in Wonderland - Chapter 9: The Mock Turtle's Story, 1865)

Begin at the beginning and go on till you come to the end; then stop.

Lewis Carroll (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland - Chapter 12, 1865)

Everything's got a moral, if only you can find it.

Lewis Carroll (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, 1865)

Never imagine yourself not to be otherwise than what it might appear to others that what you were or might have been was not otherwise than what you had been would have appeared to them to be otherwise.

Lewis Carroll (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, 1865)

One day Alice came to a fork in the road and saw a Cheshire cat in a tree. Which road do I take? she asked. Where do you want to go? was his response. I don't know, Alice answered. Then, said the cat, it doesn't matter.

Lewis Carroll (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, 1865)

Well, I never heard it before, but it sounds uncommon nonsense.

Lewis Carroll (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, 1865)

If everybody minded their own business ... the world would go round a deal faster than it does.

Lewis Carroll (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, 1865)

The best way to explain it is to do it.

Lewis Carroll (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, 1865)

If you don't know where you are going, any road will get you there.

Lewis Carroll (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, 1865)

"But I don't want to go among mad people," said Alice. "Oh, you can't help that," said the cat. "We're all mad here. I'm mad. You're Mad"

Lewis Carroll (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, 1865)

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Matthew Arnold
Poetry is simply the most beautiful, impressive, and widely effective mode of saying things.

Matthew Arnold (Essays in Criticism, 1865)

To have the sense of creative activity is the great happiness and the great proof of being alive. 

Matthew Arnold (Essays in Criticism, 1865)

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