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1913 in History

January 29 Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, at Howard University
February 2 New York City's Grand Central Terminal, having been rebuilt, reopens as the world's largest train station.
February 3 16th Amendment, federal income tax, ratified
February 22 The President of Mexico Francisco I. Madero and Vice President José María Pino Suárez is assasinated. Victoriano Huerta, a general, succeds them
March 4 Woodrow Wilson succeeds William Howard Taft and becomes the 28th President of the United States.
March 18 King George I of Greece is assasinated by Alexandros Schinas in Thessaloniki
April 26 13 year old Mary Phagan is raped and murdered and Leo Frank is tried, found guilty and convicted.
May 30 The London peace treaty is signed and officially ends the First Balkan War.
June 15 At least 2,000 civilians are killed by or under the command of General John "Black Jack" Pershing in Bud Bagsak in the Phillipines. "The Bud Bagsak Massacre.
June 29 The Second Balkan War begins.
August 13 Stainless steel is invented by Harry Brearley
September 29 A peace treaty between the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Bulgaria is signed at Constantinople.
October 31 The first automobile road "The Lincoln Highway" across the United States is established.
November 6 Mohandas Gandhi is arrested while leading a march of Indian miners in South Africa.
November 7-11 The "Big Blow" or the Great Lakes Storm of 1913 kills more than 250 people.
December 12 The man who stole the Mona Lisa, Vincenzo Perugia tries to sell it in Florence, Italy and is arrested.
December 16 Charlie Chaplin began his film career at Keystone for $150 a week.
December 23 The Federal Reserve is created by Woodrow Wilson.
December 24 The tragedy in Italy, known as the Italian Hall Disaster, takes place and kills more than 70 men, women and children at a crowded Christmas party. They were trampled because someone falsely yelled "Fire".
December 30 Italy returns the Mona Lisa to France.

Births in 1913 Deaths in 1913
Albert Camus November 7

Quotes in 1913

Andre Gide

No theory is good unless it permits, not rest, but the greatest work. No theory is good except on condition that one use it to go on beyond.

Andre Gide (Journal Entry, 1913)

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D. H. Lawrence

A woman unsatisfied must have luxuries. But a woman who loves a man would sleep on a board.

D. H. Lawrence (John Middleton Murry, 1913)

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Franz Kafka

Don't despair, not even over the fact that you don't despair.

Franz Kafka (The Diaries of Franz Kafka, 1913)

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H. L. Mencken

It was morality that burned the books of the ancient sages, and morality that halted the free inquiry of the Golden Age and substituted for it the credulous imbecility of the Age of Faith. It was a fixed moral code and a fixed theology which robbed the human race of a thousand years by wasting them upon alchemy, heretic-burning, witchcraft and sacerdotalism.

H. L. Mencken (The Philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche, 1913)

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Marcel Proust

In his younger days a man dreams of possessing the heart of the woman whom he loves; later, the feeling that he possesses the heart of a woman may be enough to make him fall in love with her.

Marcel Proust (In Search of Lost Time - Vol. I: Swann's Way, 1913)

It is always during a passing state of mind that we make lasting resolutions.

Marcel Proust (In Search of Lost Time - Vol. I: Swann's Way, 1913)

It is up to my spirit to find the truth. But how? Grave uncertainty, each time the spirit feels beyond its own comprehension; when it, the explorer, is altogether to obscure land that it must search and where all its baggage is of no use. To search? That is not all: to create.

Marcel Proust (In Search of Lost Time - Vol. I: Swann's Way, 1913)

But, when nothing subsists from a distant past, after the death of others, after the destruction of objects, only the senses of smell and taste, weaker but more enduring, more intangible, more persistent, more faithful, continue for a long time, like souls, to remember, to wait, to hope, on the ruins of all the rest, to bring without flinching, on their nearly impalpable droplet, the immense edifice of memory.

Marcel Proust (In Search of Lost Time - Vol. I: Swann's Way, 1913)

The thirst for something other than what we have…to bring something new, even if it is worse, some emotion, some sorrow; when our sensibility, which happiness has silenced like an idle harp, wants to resonate under some hand, even a rough one, and even if it might be broken by it.

Marcel Proust (In Search of Lost Time - Vol. I: Swann's Way, 1913)

There is probably not one person, however great his virtue, who cannot be led by the complexities of life's circumstances to a familiarity with the vices he condemns the most vehemently - without his completely recognizing this vice which, disguised as certain events, touches him and wounds him: strange words, an inexplicable attitude, on a given night, of the person whom he otherwise has so many reasons to love.

Marcel Proust (In Search of Lost Time - Vol. I: Swann's Way, 1913)

The places we have known do not only belong to the world of space in which we situate them for the sake of simplicity. They were but a thin slice between contiguous impression which formed our lives back then; the memory of a certain image is but the regret of a certain instant; and the houses, the roads, the avenues are fleeting, alas! as the years.

Marcel Proust (In Search of Lost Time - Vol. I: Swann's Way, 1913)

Always try to keep a patch of sky above your life.

Marcel Proust (In Search of Lost Time - Vol. I: Swann's Way, 1913)

Knowing does not always allow us to prevent, but at least the things that we know, we hold them, if not in our hands, but at least in our thoughts where we may dispose of them at our whim, which gives us the illusion of power over them.

Marcel Proust (In Search of Lost Time - Vol. I: Swann's Way, 1913)

Perhaps it is nothingness which is real and our dream which is non-existent, but then we feel think that these musical phrases, and the notions related to the dream, are nothing too. We will die, but our hostages are the divine captives who will follow our chance. And death with them is somewhat less bitter, less inglorious, perhaps less probable.

Marcel Proust (In Search of Lost Time - Vol. I: Swann's Way, 1913)

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Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.

I think it not improbable that man, like the grub that prepares a chamber for the winged thing it never has seen but is to be — that man may have cosmic destinies that he does not understand.

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. (Speech in the Harvard Law School - Law and the Court, 1913)

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Orison Swett Marden

There is no stimulus like that which comes from the consciousness of knowing that others believe in us.

Orison Swett Marden (Progressive Business Man, 1913)

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Rabindranath Tagore

I do not love him because he is good, but because he is my little child.

Rabindranath Tagore (The Crescent Moon - The Judge, 1913)

I shall become a dream, and through the little opening
of your eyelids I shall slip into the depths of your sleep;
and when you wake up and look round startled,
like a twinkling firefly I shall flit out into the darkness.

Rabindranath Tagore (The Crescent Moon - The End, 1913)

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Sigmund Freud

Genetically the asocial nature of the neurosis springs from its original tendency to flee from a dissatisfying reality to a more pleasurable world of phantasy. This real world which neurotics shun is dominated by the society of human beings and by the institutions created by them; the estrangement from reality is at the same time a withdrawal from human companionship.

Sigmund Freud (Totem and Taboo - Chapter II, 1913)

At bottom God is nothing more than an exalted father.

Sigmund Freud (Totem and Taboo - Chapter IV, 1913)

What we call happiness in the strictest sense comes from the (preferably sudden) satisfaction of needs which have been dammed up to a high degree, and it is from its nature only possible as an episodic phenomenon.

Sigmund Freud (Totem and Taboo, 1913)

Conscience is the internal perception of the rejection of a particular wish operating within us.

Sigmund Freud (Totem and Taboo, 1913)

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Theodore Roosevelt

Do what you can, with what you have, where you are.

Theodore Roosevelt (Theodore Roosevelt - An Autobiography, 1913)

Among the wise and high-minded people who in self-respecting and genuine fashion strive earnestly for peace, there are the foolish fanatics always to be found in such a movement and always discrediting it — the men who form the lunatic fringe in all reform movements.

Theodore Roosevelt (Theodore Roosevelt - An Autobiography, 1913)

There are many kinds of success in life worth having.

Theodore Roosevelt (Theodore Roosevelt - An Autobiography, 1913)

The greatest happiness is the happiness that comes as a by-product of striving to do what must be done, even though sorrow is met in the doing.

Theodore Roosevelt (Theodore Roosevelt - An Autobiography, 1913)

There are two kinds of success, or rather two kinds of ability displayed in the achievement of success. There is, first, the success either in big things or small things which comes to the man who has in him the natural power to do what no one else can do, and what no amount of training, no perseverance or will power, will enable any ordinary man to do. This success, of course, like every other kind of success, may be on a very big scale or on a small scale. The quality which the man possesses may be that which enables him to run a hundred yards in nine and three-fifths seconds, or to play ten separate games of chess at the same time blindfolded, or to add five columns of figures at once without effort, or to write the "Ode to a Grecian Urn," or to deliver the Gettysburg speech, or to show the ability of Frederick at Leuthen or Nelson at Trafalgar. No amount of training of body or mind would enable any good ordinary man to perform any one of these feats. Of course the proper performance of each implies much previous study or training, but in no one of them is success to be attained save by the altogether exceptional man who has in him the something additional which the ordinary man does not have. This is the most striking kind of success, and it can be attained only by the man who has in him the quality which separates him in kind no less than in degree from his fellows. But much the commoner type of success in every walk of life and in every species of effort is that which comes to the man who differs from his fellows not by the kind of quality which he possesses but by the degree of development which he has given that quality. This kind of success is open to a large number of persons, if only they seriously determine to achieve it. It is the kind of success which is open to the average man of sound body and fair mind, who has no remarkable mental or physical attributes, but who gets just as much as possible in the way of work out of the aptitudes that he does possess. It is the only kind of success that is open to most of us. Yet some of the greatest successes in history have been those of this second class--when I call it second class I am not running it down in the least, I am merely pointing out that it differs in kind from the first class. To the average man it is probably more useful to study this second type of success than to study the first. From the study of the first he can learn inspiration, he can get uplift and lofty enthusiasm. From the study of the second he can, if he chooses, find out how to win a similar success himself.

Theodore Roosevelt (Theodore Roosevelt - An Autobiography, 1913)

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Woodrow Wilson

The flower does not bear the root, but the root the flower.

Woodrow Wilson (The New Freedom, 1913)

American industry is not free, as once it was free; American enterprise is not free; the man with only a little capital is finding it harder to get into the field, more and more impossible to compete with the big fellow. Why? Because the laws of this country do not prevent the strong from crushing the weak.

Woodrow Wilson (The New Freedom, 1913)

I would rather belong to a poor nation that was free than to a rich nation that had ceased to be in love with liberty.

Woodrow Wilson (Speech in Alabama, 1913)

No country can afford to have its prosperity originated by a small controlling class.

Woodrow Wilson (The New Freedom, 1913)

I believe in human liberty as I believe in the wine of life. There is no salvation for men in the pitiful condescension of industrial masters. Guardians have no place in a land of freemen.

Woodrow Wilson (The New Freedom, 1913)

Power consists in one's capacity to link his will with the purpose of others, to lead by reason and a gift of cooperation.

Woodrow Wilson (Letter to Mary Allen Hulbert Peck, 1913)

A nation is a living thing and not a machine.

Woodrow Wilson (The New Freedom, 1913)

The man who is swimming against the stream knows the strength of it.

Woodrow Wilson (The New Freedom, 1913)

The welfare, the happiness, the energy and spirit of the men and women who do the daily work ... is the underlying necessity of all prosperity.... There can be nothing wholesome unless their life is wholesome; there can be no contentment unless they are contented.

Woodrow Wilson (The New Freedom, 1913)

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"I have nothing but contempt for the kind of governor who is afraid, for whatever reason, to follow the course that he knows is best for the State; and as for the man who sets private friendship above the public welfare - I have no use for him, either. "